Anthropology Sample Questions

1. The term ‘Sustainable Development’ was first used in 1987 by the
(A) International Summit on Sustainable Development
(B) Protection and Preservation Convention
(C) World Commission on Environment and Development
(D) International Conservation Strategy

2. Who appoints the Commissioner for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes of India?
(A) Lok Sabha Speaker
(B) Prime Minister of India
(C) President of India
(D) Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment

3. Choose the correct answer based on the following statements :
I. Malinowski associates function with the bio-psychological needs of individuals
II. For Radcliffe Brown, function .is the contribution. an institution makes, to the maintenance of social structure.
(A) Only the first statement is correct
(B) Only the second statement is correct
(C) Both statements are correct
(D) Neither of the statements is correct.

4. An attempt to discover and describe the behavioural system of a given culture in its own terms is called
(A) etic approach
(B) scientific approach
(C) linguistic approach
(D) emic approach.

5. Asante (Ashanti) traditional religion includes the following pantheon.
Identify the supreme creator :
(A) Atano
(B) Abosom
(C) Moatia
(D) Nyame

6. Mutation is the change in
(A) Place
(B) Gene
(C) Character
(D) Species

7. The amount of DNA in the gametes or germinal cells is
(A) same amount as found in the somatic cells
(B) half the amount found in the somatic cells
(C) double the amount found in somatic-cells
(D) one and a half times the amount found in somatic cells.

8. Parasitism affects culture by
(A) consuming food energy produced by individuals
(B) producing disease symptoms
(C) limiting population growth
(D) all of these

9. Hemoglobin contained in human fetus or a new born baby is:
(A) Hemoglobin A
(B) Hemoglobin G
(C) Hemoglobin D
(D) Hemoglobin F

10. Which of the following is correct?
(A) Race and Racism are one and the same
(B) Race falls in the realm of Biological Anthropology while Racism falls in the realm of Socio-cultural Anthropology
(C) Racism is characterized by physical features
(D) None of these statements is correct.

11. Who was instrumental in making genealogical method as a scientific method for collecting data in kinship organization?
(A) L. H. Morgan
(B) E. B. Tylor
(C) W.H.R. Rivers
(D) G. P. Murdock

12. Who described the ‘savage’ societies as ‘communistic’?
(A) Linton
(B) Marx
(C) Morgan
(D) Tylor

13. Consider the following statements :
Assertion (A) A Trobriander with a pile of yams can choose to use them in sagali distribution or present them to a sister’s husband in , expectation of receiving a valuable. or can choose to eat them or give them away or let them rot.
Reason (R) : Rational and strategic economic decision in the allocation of scarce resources.
Select your answer according to the coding scheme given below :
(A) Both ((A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
(B) Both ((A) and (R} true. but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
(C) (A) is true. but (R) is false
(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

14. The separation of Ramapithecus line from the Dryopithecus lineage was complete in
(A) Palaeocene
(B) Eocene
(C) Oligocene
(D) Pliocene

15. Who termed magic as “Pernicious Delusion’?
(A) James Frazer
(B) Levi – Bruhl
(C) E.B. Tylor
(D) Fiona Bowie

16. Australoid – Veddoid characteristics are
(A) long head, chocolate complexion and curly hair
(B) small head, brown complexion and curly hair
(C) flated head, black complexion and brown hair
(D) long head, black complexion and black hair.

17. Who is the author of the book ‘Witchcraft, Oracles and Magic among the Ayande’?
(A) B. Malinowski
(B) Evans Pritchard
(C) Robert Merton
(D) Raymond Firth

18. According to Darwin. evolution occurred by
(A) Natural Selection
(B) Convergence
(C) Parallelism
(D) Genes

19. Cranial capacity of skull of Neanderthal from La Chapelle-aux-Saints is :
(A) more than that of Homo sapiens sapiens’ cranial capacity
(B) less than that of Homo sapiens sapiens’ cranial capacity
(C) equal to Homo sapiens sapiens cranial capacity
(D) equal to Home erectus’ cranial capacity.

20. …………….. can be a significant component of demographic change in small a communities.
(A) Urbanization
(B) Industrialization
(C) Migration
(D) Socialization

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21. Klinefelter’s syndrome results due to which of the following problems in meiosis?
(A) Deletion
(B) Duplication
(C) Translocation
(D) Non-disjunction

22. The Galapagos archipelago is related to
(A) Alfred Wallace
(B) Erasmus Darwin
(C) Charles Darwin
(D) Jean Baptiste Lamarck

23. Which of the following is true with regard to race?
(A) Race is nothing but a method of human classification
(B) No race is superior or inferior
(C) No race today is pure
(D) Ali these statements are true.

24. Tools in epidemiology consist of
(A) observational research design
(B) interpretive model
(C) empirical analysis
(D) naturalistic approach.

25. Patau’s syndrome is due to
(A) Trisomy of chromosome 12
(B) Trisomy of chromosome 13
(C) Trisomy of chromosome 17
(D) Trisomy of chromosome 19

26. The remains of Cro-Magnon were first discovered at Les Eyzies in France in the year
(A) 1888
(B) 1868
(C) 1855
(D) 1925

27. Consider the following statements:
Assertion (A): Tribal people believe that they are surrounded in all places by a number of gods, deities or superpowers.
Reason (R): The whole tribal village. farm lands, forests etc. may be termed as profane geography.
Select your answer according to the coding scheme given below :
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
(B) Both (A) and (R) true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false
(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

28. The theory which argued that the external factors do not influence the reproductive cells of the parents is .
(A) Darwinism
(B) Neo-Lamarckism
(C) Neo-Darwinism
(D) Lamarckism

29. Each society should be understood in terms of its own cultural practices and values is called
(A) historical particularism
(B) cultural determinism
(C) cultural relativism
(D) value judgement

30. Consider the following statements :
i. The Todas consider the buffalo as profane
ii. The Todas regularly eat the flesh of buffalo
iii. The Todas are in conflicting terms with farming people
iv. The Todas. as pastorals, are nomads.
Of these statements
(A) (i) alone is correct
(B) (i) and (ii) are correct
(C) All are correct
(D) All are false.

31. ‘Who is associated with the following statement?
‘Social structure has nothing to do with empirical reality but with models which are built up after it,
(A) Edmund Leach
(B) Ralph Linton
(C) Levi-Strauss
(D) R.H.Lowie

32. Which of the following was associated with tool making?
(A) Australopithecus prometeus
(B) Paranthropus crassidens
(C) Telanthropus capensis
(D) Zinjanthropus boisei

33. Orientalism was written by
(A) Paulo Friere
(B) Alberto Arce
(C) Edward Said
(D) Norman Long

34. Which of the following statements is correct?
(A) Bride Price is the most common practice among the simple societies
(B) Dowry is the most common practice among the simple societies
(C) Both are common among the simple societies
(D) Neither of these is common among the simple societies.

35. The most universal form of marriage is
(A) Polygamy
(B) Polyandry
(C) Monogamy
(D) Hypogamy

36. The following are some of the statements about Anthropology
i. It studies human society and culture
ii. It studies past human behaviour and cultural patterns
iii. It studies human biological diversity in time and space
iv. It studies language in its social and cultural context
Of these statements
(A) (i) and (ii) are correct
(B) (ii) and (iii) are correct
(C) (iii) and (iv) are correct
(D) All statements are correct

37. The Mousterian tradition is named after the Neanderthal site of
(A) La Chapelle-aux-Saints, France
(B) La Ferrassie, France
(C) La Quina, France
(D) Le Mouster, France

38. Microliths are also known as
(A) Boulder Conglomerate
(B) Rostroid hand-axe
(C) Pigmy tools
(D) Madrasian hand-axe

39. Treating the societies as entities that evolved in relation to the amount of energy captured and used by each member of the society is called
(A) Neoevolutionism
(B) Classical evolutionism
(C) Nineteenth century evolutionism
(D) Modernism

40. Consider the following statements :
Assertion (A): Magic is older and hence more fundamental than religion.
Reason (R) Religion varies. widely in different parts of the world whereas magic is much the same everywhere it is practised.
Select your answer according to the coding scheme given below :
(A) Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
(B) Both (A) and (R) are correct, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
(C) (A) is correct, but (R) is false
(D) (A)is false, but (R) is correct.

41. Which of the following books is not written by Levi-Strauss?
(A) Tolemism
(B) The Savage Mind
(C) Structural Anthropology
(D) Political Systems of Highland Burma.

42. Which of the following books has discussed about human ancestry?
(A) On the Origin of Species
(B) Systema Naturae
(C) Principles of Geology
(D) The Descent of Man

43. Triple syndrome results due to which of the following problems in meiosis?
(A) Deletion
(B) Duplication
(C) Non-disjunetion
(D) Translocation

44. The principle that recognizes that every effort will be made to avoid any adverse consequences to indigenous peoples, traditional societies and local communities from-research activities and outcomes is
(A) Principle of Restitution
(B) Principle of Supporting Indigenous Research
(C) Principle of Precaution
(D) Principle of Active Protection

45. Which of the following is correctly matched?
(A) The Tiv — Band organization
(B) The Chenchu – Complimentary opposition
(C) The Irula — Chiefdom
(D) The Nupe — state

46. Thematic areas in basic research questions in medical anthropology comprise
(A) Descriptive questions
(B) Analytical questions
(C) Intervention-oriented questions
(D) All of these

47. Who has equated the nature / culture opposition to that of the males and females?
(A) Sherry Ortner
(B) Mead
(C) Benedict
(D) Elsie Crews

48. ‘Lucy’ was related to :
(A) Australopithecus africanus
(B) Australopithecus afarensis
(C) Australopithecus boisei
(D) Australopithecus robustus.

49. Race is :
i. A class of population possessing a common trait or an aggregation of traits
ii. a group of persons who ancestrally have lived in a country for a number of generations
iii. a group of people descended from a common ancestor
iv. a group of people having homogeneous culture shared by its members.
Of the statements
(A) (i) alone is true
(B) (i) and (ii) are true
(C) (i), (ii) and (iii) are true
(D) All are true