Defence and Strategic Studies GK

1. The first Camp David Summit of 1959 was held between:
(A) Kennedy and Khrushchev
(B) Eisenhover and Khrushchev
(C) Macmillan and Khrushchev
(D) Kissinger and Khrushchev

2. The events as the Brandenburg Gate led to the:
(A) Success of the solidarity party in Poland
(B) Fall of the Berlin wall
(C) German exodus into Austria through Hungary
(D) Prague spring

3. Which one of the following is not a Pakistani Missile system?
(A) Hatf
(B) Ghauri
(C) Nag
(D) Shaheen

4. UN peace keeping is guided by there basic principles:
(i) Consent of Parties
(ii) Impartiality
(iii) Non-use of force except in selfdefence
(A) only (ii) is correct
(B) only (i) and (ii) are correct
(C) only (ii) and (iii) are correct
(D) all three are correct

5. The predominant ethnic group in Kosovo is:
(A) Serbian
(B) Croat
(C) Albanian
(D) Macedonian

6. Sunderlal Bahuguna is associated with:
(A) Right to information
(B) Anti-corruption
(C) Green peace
(D) Chipko movement

7. For permitting the transfer of missile technology the prescribed maximum range is:
(A) 500 km
(B) 600 km
(C) 1000 km
(D) 1500 km

8. Radcliff is associated with:
(A) India-China Border
(B) India-Bangladesh Border
(C) India-Pakistan Border
(D) India-Nepal Border

9. Changes that took place in Egypt in 2010-2011 were a product of:
(A) Islamic Revolution
(B) Popular uprising
(C) Ethnic uprising
(D) Military coup

10. India’s status in the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation:
(A) Member
(B) Observer
(C) Invitee
(D) Dialogue Partner

11. The strait of Malacca links:
(A) The Arabian Sea to the Gulf of Oman
(B) The Gulf of Aden to the Red Sea
(C) The Indian Ocean with the Pacific Ocean
(D) The Mediterranean Ocean to the Indian Ocean

12. Chakma refugees originate from:
(A) Bhutan
(B) Nepal
(C) Sri Lanka
(D) Bangladesh

13. Recent upheaval in West Asia is driven by:
(A) Military resurgence
(B) Cultural resurgence
(C) Ethnic uprising
(D) Popular uprising

14. ‘‘Free Democracy’’ was an image created in the context of:
(A) American imperialism
(B) British Anglo-Saxon democracy
(C) Cold war
(D) Non-alignment

15. Which amongst the following are conducive to reducing international conflict?
(i) Cease fire
(ii) Industrialisation
(iii) Disarmament
(iv) Balance of power
(A) only (i), (ii) and (iii) are correct
(B) only (ii), (iii) and (iv) are correct
(C) only (i), (iii) and (iv) are correct
(D) all the four are correct

16. What amongst the following are examples of conflict management?
(A) Arbitration
(B) third party mediation
(C) adjudication
(D) all of the above

17. Which amongst the following of the United Nations is primarily responsible for maintaining peace and security in the world:
(A) General Assembly
(B) Security Council
(C) Secretary General
(D) All of the above

18. Confidence-building approach emerged in the context of:
(A) Cold-war rivalry
(B) Human rights
(C) Self-determination
(D) Non-alignment

19. Aman ki Asha is a programme aimed as:
(A) Achieving Global peace
(B) Promoting peace between India and Pakistan
(C) Promoting peace in Afghanistan
(D) Promote peace in Jammu and Kashmir

20. The ‘‘collective security in Asia’’ doctrine was propounded by:
(A) Henry Kissinger
(B) Brezhnev
(C) Richard Nixon
(D) Indira Gandhi

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21. The aircraft carrier that India is procuring from Russia has been renamed as:
(A) INS Ashok
(B) INS Chandragupta
(C) INS Bhishma
(D) INS Vikramaditya

22. Role of IAEA:
(A) To regulate non-conventional energy
(B) To regulate nuclear programmes
(C) To regulate nano-science technology
(D) To regulate ecological degradation

23. India’s space programme is not aimed at:
(A) Military programme
(B) Educational programme
(C) Communication programme
(D) Cultural programme

24. TRIMS relates to the following issue:
(A) Trade
(B) Telecom
(C) Investment
(D) Monetary

25. The Defence Budget of India is prepared by:
(A) Public Accounts Committee
(B) Estimates Committee
(C) Cabinet Committee on Political Affairs
(D) Ministry of Defence

26. Read the following statement regarding development in science and technology and their application in war. Which statement is not correct?
(A) In 1885, Maxim invented the fully automatic machine gun
(B) In 1790, the British Royal Navy used the Flag Signalling System that was also used in the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805
(C) HMS Devastation was the first battleship without sail (1871)
(D) Internal combustion engine played a significant role in increasing mobility in the Boer War (1899)

27. Adam Smith’s views about defence economics include the following:
(i) Military force was necessary to protect society
(ii) Professional soldiers were necessary
(iii) Since defence was for common good all should bear the expense
(iv) Payment was to be made on the basis of ‘‘payment according to benefit’’ principle
(A) only (i) and (ii) are correct
(B) only (i) and (iii) are correct
(C) only (i), (ii) and (iii) are correct
(D) all the four are correct

28. The origin of strategic studies can be traced to:
(A) Edward Meade Earle’s seminar on grand strategy and conduct of war
(B) Hans Morgentheau’s work on ‘Politics Among Nations: The Struggle for Power and Peace’
(C) E.H. Carr’s ‘Twenty Years Crisis’ that presents a critique of liberalism
(D) Thucydides’ writings on the Peloponnesian war

29. The features of a nation are:
(i) A sense of oneness that is born out of commoness of culture, ethnicity etc.
(ii) People who identify socially, culturally to establish a separate identity for themselves
(iii) A distinct territory and a sovereign government
The correct answer is:
(A) only (i) is correct
(B) only (i) and (ii) are correct
(C) only (i) and (iii) are correct
(D) all are correct

30. Olof Palme’s argument that states can no longer seek security at each others’ expense is understood as the concept of:
(A) National security
(B) Human security
(C) Common security
(D) Collective security

31. Balance of power as a security strategy is based on the following approach:
(A) Liberal
(B) Realist
(C) Behavioural
(D) Marxist

32. Who set out to make geopolitics a legitimate area of academic inquiry?
(A) Mahan
(B) MacKinder
(C) Haushofer
(D) Machiavelli

33. Soviets generally used this phrase to convey the meaning of detente:
(A) Imperialism
(B) Peaceful coexistence
(C) Perestroika
(D) Massive retaliation

34. Alfred Mahan’s central theme was:
(A) strategy was the key to warfare
(B) that economic, social and political change affects tactics and strategy
(C) the study of United States’ rise as a great power
(D) maritime predominance of Great Britain

35. The first writer to incorporate Napoleonic warfare into what became an important work on strategy was:
(A) Machiavelli
(B) Clausewitz
(C) Jomini
(D) Liddell Hart

36. Indian ‘Cold Start’ doctrine is aimed at:
(A) Corps mobilisation of troops
(B) Fast mobilization of troops
(C) Normal mobilization of troops
(D) No mobilization of troops

37. Wars that seek to capture political power through armed struggle are described as:
(A) Terrorism
(B) Insurgency
(C) Civil war
(D) Revolutionary war

38. As an arms control agreement START seeks to:
(A) implement the INF agreement
(B) go further from SALT I and II
(C) remove the difficulties in implementing the NPT
(D) Implement the Outerspace Treaty

39. The concept of strategic partnership between India and Russia was introduced by:
(A) Putin
(B) Yelstin
(C) Gorbachev
(D) Brezhnev

40. Globalisation seems to have undermined democracy in twoways:
(i) Concentrated economic power and therefore political power in the hands of multinational corporations
(ii) Pace of economic globalisation far outstrips the pace of political globalisation
(iii) Free flow of finance capital
(iv) The rich have become richer but the poor have also become less poor
The correct answer is:
(A) only (i) and (ii) are correct
(B) only (i) and (iii) are correct
(C) only (ii) and (iii) are correct
(D) only (iii) and (iv) are correct

41. The US concept of Global War on Terror seeks to target:
(i) new threats posed by non-state actors and terrorist groups
(ii) so called ‘rogue’ states
(iii) militant theories of radicalised Islam
The correct answer is:
(A) only (i) is correct
(B) only (i) and (iii) are correct
(C) only (i) and (ii) are correct
(D) All three are correct

42. Samuel Huntington’s ‘‘Clash of Civilizations’’ argued that the principal patterns of conflict and cooperation in the world were shaped by:
(A) Nationalism
(B) Culture
(C) Nation states
(D) Political leadership

43. The MTCR aims are placing restrictions on the export of:
(A) Civilian nuclear technology
(B) Missile systems
(C) Radar equipment
(D) Dual use technologies

44. Read the following statements about CTBT:
(i) Nehru proposed the treaty in 1954
(ii) UN General Assembly adopted the text in 1996
(iii) The treaty covers nuclear explosions in all environments
(iv) Underground explosions are not covered by the CTBT
The correct answer is:
(A) Only (i), (ii) and (iii) are correct
(B) Only (i), (ii) and (iv) are correct
(C) Only (ii) and (iii) are correct
(D) all the four are correct

45. The ‘‘Domino Theory’’ became the rationale for the:
(A) Vietnam war
(B) Korean war
(C) Arab-Israel war
(D) Suez Crisis

46. The disintegration of Soviet Union can be understood in the context of:
(A) Failure of socialism
(B) Ethnic nationalism based right to self-determination
(C) Growing awareness about Human Rights
(D) Success of US and NATO strategies

47. Kosovo was a province of the following region of the former Yugoslavia:
(A) Slovenia
(B) Bosnia-Herzegovina
(C) Serbia
(D) Montenegro

48. The key features of the Indian nuclear doctrine include:
(i) No first use policy
(ii) Credible minimal nuclear deterrence
(iii) Support for global nuclear disarmament
The correct answer is:
(A) only (ii) is correct
(B) only (i) and (ii) are correct
(C) only (ii) and (iii) are correct
(D) all three are correct

49. The Chechens are an ethnic minority living in the region of:
(A) Alps
(B) Kalahari
(C) Hainan
(D) North Caucasus

50. Brundtland Report is concerned with:
(A) Peacekeeping
(B) International terrorism
(C) Sustainable development
(D) Free trade

51. Aksai Chin is a part of:
(A) Ladakh
(B) Tibet
(D) Sinkiang

52. Container security initiative relates to:
(A) anti-piracy activity
(B) anti-terrorism activity
(C) anti-submarine activities
(D) humanitarian assistance

53. Which country exercises the sovereign control over Suez canal?
(A) Israel
(B) Saudi-Arabia
(C) Great Britain
(D) Egypt

54. In which country of Central Asia India claims to have an Air Base?
(A) Kazakhstan
(B) Kirgistan
(C) Uzbekistan
(D) Tajikistan

55. The primary passage through the Andaman and Nicobar Islands to the strait of Malacca is through:
(A) The Six Degree Channel
(B) Malacca strait
(C) Strait of Hormuz
(D) The Cape of Good Hope

56. The UN agency which looks after the problem of refugees:

57. Teeth and Tail Ratio in logistic management means:
(A) Ratio between men and food
(B) Ratio between weapons and men and material
(C) Ratio between soldiers and officers
(D) Ratio between food and weapons

58. The UN General Assembly is an example of:
(A) Quiet Diplomacy
(B) Public Diplomacy
(C) Parliamentary Diplomacy
(D) Coercive Diplomacy

59. Colonialism was a product of:
(A) Rivalry amongst European states
(B) White man’s burden
(C) Search for raw materials
(D) Slave trade

60. ‘Dharma Yuddha’ is an example of:
(A) Total war
(B) Just war
(C) War against International Anarchy
(D) Religious war

61. Conflict resolution:
(A) Reduces the dangers of crises
(B) Reduces conflict but does not eliminate it
(C) Tackles basic issues of conflict
(D) Changes world views of states

62. Conflict management implies:
(A) tackling basic issues of conflict
(B) reducing dangers of crises
(C) threat of use of force
(D) Change world views of states involved

63. The significance of showing a white flag in war:
(A) is cessasion of hostility
(B) is seeking medical relief
(C) is peaceful protest
(D) begins a conflict

64. Confidence building exercises are not promoted by the following:
(A) Information exchange
(B) Third party mediation
(C) Arms race
(D) Appointing observers on the borders

65. Pugwash conference deals with:
(A) Agricultural revolution
(B) Refugee relief
(C) Sustainable development
(D) Nuclear free world

66. The concept of collective security is based on this approach to International relations:
(A) Realist
(B) Idealist
(C) Behavioural
(D) Systems

67. The period 1871-1916 saw the development of new sources of power and new materials that had an impact on war. These development include:
(i) Edison’s first commercial generator
(ii) Internal combustion engine
(iii) Steel alloys
(iv) The Morse code
The correct answer is:
(A) Only (i), (ii) are correct
(B) Only (i), (ii) and (iii) are correct
(C) Only (ii), (iii) and (iv) are correct
(D) All four are correct

68. Jean Baptiste Say introduced the following idea in the context of war:
(A) Human capital
(B) Defence as public good
(C) Deficit finance
(D) Financing wars through taxation

69. The growth of C3I technologies would have the following impact:
(i) The element of tactical surprise will end
(ii) If both sides have the C3I capabilities technological surprise rather than tactical surprise would be important
(iii) Offensive power would become important
(iv) Air power will play a dominant role
The correct answer is:
(A) Only (i) and (ii) are correct
(B) Only (iv) is correct
(C) Only (i), (ii) and (iv) are correct
(D) All the four are correct

70. Following are the methods of mobilisation of resources during war:
(i) Taxation
(ii) Borrowing
(iii) Rationing
(iv) Aid
The correct answer is:
(A) Only (i) and (ii) are correct
(B) Only (i), (ii) and (iv) are correct
(C) Only (i), (ii) and (iii) are correct
(D) All the four are correct

71. ‘‘Garden Reach Workshop’’ deals with:
(A) Ship building
(B) Tank production
(C) Missile production
(D) Aircraft production

72. New International Economic Order was conceptualised in the following decade:
(A) 1960s
(B) 1970s
(C) 1980s
(D) 1990s

73. Which is the most predominant energy source in India?
(A) Oil
(B) Natural gas
(C) Nuclear
(D) Coal

74. Membership of NAFTA:
(A) Cuba, Mexico, United States
(B) Argentina, Brazil, United States
(C) Canada, Mexico, United States
(D) Chile, Mexico, United States

75. Determinant of defence expenditure include:
(i) Strategic environment
(ii) Socio-cultural environment
(iii) Arms race
(iv) Development of science and technology
The correct answer is:
(A) Only (i) and (ii) are correct
(B) Only (i), (ii) and (iii) are correct
(C) Only (i), (iii) and (iv) are correct
(D) All the above four are correct

76. The command, control, communication and intelligence infrastructure helps:
(i) Reconnaissance
(ii) Surveillance
(iii) Target acquisition
The correct answer is:
(A) Only (i) is correct
(B) Only (i) and (ii) are correct
(C) Only (iii) is correct
(D) All the above three are correct