Geography Model Questions and Answers

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Geography Model Questions and Answers

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Model Questions and Answers on Geography

1. Which of the following pairs is incorrect ? Resources Types
(A) Forest : National resource
(B) Tides : Inexhaustible
(C) Coal : Inorganic
(D) Wild animal : Renewable

2. Which of the following is not a dimension of Human Development Index (HDI) ?
(A) Longevity
(B) Knowledge
(C) Decent Standard of Living
(D) Equality

3. Gentrification is a settlement of :
(A) High class
(B) Middle class
(C) Low class
(D) Ethnic community

4. What does ‘Fourth World’ refer to ?
(A) Poorest and vulnerable groups of people within the developing world
(B) Poorest and vulnerable groups of people within the developed world
(C) Poorest and vulnerable groups of people in the world
(D) Richest and affluent groups of people in the world

5. The doctrine of ‘Terra Nullius’ refers to :
(A) Occupied lands
(B) Extra-terrestrial lands
(C) Resettled lands
(D) Empty lands

6. What does the ‘index of dissimilarity’ measure ?
(A) Racial discrimination
(B) Residential segregation
(C) Gender gap
(D) Caste difference

7. Which book is considered as a key text of political geography ?
(A) Politische Geographie
(B) Liberalism
(C) Democratic Ideals and Reality
(D) Geopolitics of the World System

8. According to Indian census a town must have …………………… population to be identified as urban places.
(A) 50000
(B) 500000
(C) 5000
(D) 10000

9. Economic growth done by …………… sector is called as imperative planning.
(A) Public
(B) Private
(C) Joint
(D) External agencies

10. Which one of the following states of India has the highest rank in the Human Development Index ?
(A) Tamil Nadu
(B) Kerala
(C) Punjab
(D) Haryana

11. “Cultural Ethnocentrism region” will have …………………… characteristics.
(A) Homogenous and functional
(B) Heterogenous and formal
(C) Homogenous and formal
(D) Heterogenous and functional

12. ‘Poddlers’ in Netherland are classic examples of landuse planning based on model of ………………….. .
(A) Christaller
(B) Von Thunen
(C) E. Burgees
(D) Weber

13. The Aravalli range run across which of the following Indian states ?
(A) Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab and Delhi
(B) Punjab, Rajasthan, Haryana and Delhi
(C) Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana and Delhi
(D) Gujarat, Rajasthan, U.P. and Delhi

14. What is called to the pass located at the southern end of the Nilgiri hills in South India ?
(A) The Thalgat Pass
(B) The Bhorghat Pass
(C) The Bolan Pass
(D) The Palghat Gap

15. As per 2011 census the most densely populated state of India is ………. .
(A) West Bengal
(B) Kerala
(C) Uttar Pradesh
(D) Bihar

16. Which of the following is not transport region ?
(A) Konkan Railway
(B) Central Railway
(C) Western Railway
(D) Himalayan Railway

17. Mathura, Digboi and Panipat oil refineries are set up by :
(A) Indian Oil Corporation Ltd.
(B) Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd.
(C) Crude Distillation Unit of Madras Refineries Ltd.
(D) Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Ltd.

18. If the minimum mapping unit is one acre and if this is to occupy one square cm area on the map. What should be the scale of map ?
(A) 1 : 5,000
(B) 1 : 5,500
(C) 1 : 6,000
(D) 1 : 6,360

19. What would be the number of shades that can be generated on computer monitor if the satellite data of any three bands with quantization level is 28 ?
(A) 16777216
(B) 1677216
(C) 1677816
(D) 72167716

20. In FCC, vegetation is seen in red colour because ………………….. .
(A) Vegetation reflects near infrared
(B) Vegetation reflects green
(C) Near infrared is represented as red
(D) Red is represented as green

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21. Which of the following colours has highest frequency in visible spectrum range ?
(A) Blue
(B) Green
(C) Yellow
(D) Red

22. Arithmetic mean is considered to be the most balanced measure of central tendency because :
(A) It lies at the centre of the range
(B) All the observation values participate in its determination
(C) It is free from the influence of extreme value
(D) Sum of deviations from it equals Zero

23. ………………. has popularized the concept of ‘Uniformitarianism’ in a book ‘Principles of Geology’ (1830).
(A) James Hutton
(B) C. Lyell
(C) W. Penck
(D) A. Wegner

24. The feature ‘Scroll Lake’ is related to ……………..
(A) Playa
(B) Karstic
(C) Glacial melt
(D) Riverine

25. ‘Paternoster Lake’ is a ………………… feature.
(A) Riverine
(B) Aeolian
(C) Karstic
(D) Glacial

26. Ventifacts are cut and sometimes polished by ……………. action of wind.
(A) Abrasive
(B) Deflation
(C) Attrition
(D) Corrosion

27. According to Strahlen’s stream ordering when a stream of 2nd order joins 3rd order stream, the order of higher order stream will ………..
(A) Increase
(B) Decrease
(C) Remain same
(D) Be added

28. The river with meagre source of water that is left after the river capture is known as ………..
(A) Rejuvenated River
(B) Captured River
(C) Captor River
(D) Misfit River

29. Which of the following factors influence the type and rate of weathering ?
(1) Soil
(2) Climate
(3) Vegetation cover
(4) Rock structure
(5) Topography
(A) (1), (2), (3) and (4)
(B) (2), (3), (4) and (5)
(C) (1), (2), (3) and (5)
(D) (1), (2), (4) and (5)

30. Which one of the following groups is the product of erosion ?
(A) Drumlins, Moraines, Aretes
(B) U-shaped valleys, Ventifacts, Natural Levee
(C) Eskers, Fjords, Outwash plain
(D) Cirques, V-shaped valleys, Demoiselles

31. Assertion (A) : Deflation basins are erosional features and may be upto several kilometers in diameter.
Reason (R) : Removal of sand particles by the wind is a cause of Deflation basin formation.
Which one of the following is correct ?
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
(C) (A) is true but (R) is false
(D) (A) is false but (R) is true

32. The temperature at which air needs to be cooled to reach saturation is ………………
(A) Dew-point temperature
(B) Dry bulb temperature
(C) Wet bulb temperature
(D) Boiling point temperature

33. Arrange the following in terms of decreasing albedo :
(1) Fresh show
(2) Pine forest
(3) Glacier ice
(4) Loamy soil
(A) (1), (3), (4), (2)
(B) (1), (3), (2), (4)
(C) (3), (1), (2), (4)
(D) (3), (1), (4), (2)

34. Assertion (A) : At midnight, net radiation is negative.
Reason (R) : In the afternoon, net radiation decreases as insolation decreases.
Select your answer from the codes given below :
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is proper explanation of (A)
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
(C) (A) is true but (R) is false
(D) (A) is false but (R) is true

35. The branch of climatology which analyzes proxy data to reconstruct past climate is named as …………..
(A) Synoptic climatology
(B) Dynamic climatology
(C) Paleoclimatology
(D) Regional climatology

36. These clouds are high, white and thin :
(A) Cirrus
(B) Stratus
(C) Cumulus
(D) Stratocumulus

37. Why is surface air temperature measured at a standard height of 1.5 meters ?
(A) The winds are lighter at this level
(B) By international law
(C) To ensure an accurate reading insulated from surface effects
(D) To allow the observe to read the temperature at eye level without stooping

38. Which statement is incorrect regarding the Coriolis force ?
(A) It is always directed at right angle to the direction of wind
(B) It deflects winds to the right in northern hemisphere and to the left in southern hemisphere
(C) It directly affects wind speed
(D) It is strongest at the poles and weakens equatorwards

39. Assertion (A) : The Siberian climate is conspicuosly absent in the southern hemisphere.
Reason (R) : The southern continents are marked by the broadness in the high latitudes.
Select your answer from the codes given below :
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is proper explanation of (A)
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
(C) (A) is true but (R) is false
(D) (A) is false but (R) is true

40. As per the J. Tuzo Wilson’s concept of ocean basins, …………. is at juvenile stage.
(A) Red Sea
(B) Arabian Sea
(C) South China Sea
(D) Dead Sea

41. Assertion (A) : Ocean currents are seasonal or permanent unified movement of ocean water.
Reason (R) : Ocean currents are driven mainly by seasonal winds.
Select the correct answer from the following :
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) explains (A)
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) does not explain (A)
(C) (A) is true and (R) is false
(D) (A) is false and (R) is true

42. Which one of the following solute is major component by weight in sea water ?
(A) Magnesium chloride
(B) Sodium sulphate
(C) Calcium carbonate
(D) Sodium chloride

43. …………….. deposits are found between the high and low water spring tide lines.
(A) Littoral
(B) Shallow water
(C) Bathyal
(D) Abyssal

44. Consider the following statement(s) related to the ocean acidification.
(I) It is a term used to describe the changes in the chemistry of the World’s seas, primarily as a result of burning fossil fuels.
(II) The CO2 in the water, which leads to the formation of carbonic acid, has caused the pH of surface oceans to fall by 0.1 units, and it is projected to fall a further 0.3 – 0.4 pH units by the end of the century.
Select the correct code :
(A) Only (I)
(B) Only (II)
(C) Both (I) and (II)
(D) Neither (I) nor (II)

45. In deep sea, more regular waves with rounded wave crests are called …………… waves.
(A) Seiches
(B) Swell
(C) Clapotis
(D) Tidal

46. Assertion (A) : Salinity of the ocean water is not same everywhere.
Reason (R) : Salinity of the ocean surface is exclusively controlled by temperature.
Select the correct code from the following codes :
Codes :
(A) (A) is true but (R) is false
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct reason
(C) Both (A) and (R) are true
(D) Both (A) and (R) are false

47. Generally seamounts are having relief ……………….. meters above reference surface.
(A) 300-500
(B) 500-700
(C) 700-900
(D) > 900

48. The oceanic crusts are mainly composed of ………………. type of rock.
(A) Andesite
(B) Granite
(C) Basalt
(D) Mud

49. Endangered species are those which have lost …………….. % of its population.
(A) 50
(B) 60
(C) 65
(D) 70

50. Some parts in urban areas tend to be warmer than their surroundings is known as ………….
(A) Lapse rate
(B) The venturi effect
(C) Urban Canopy layer effect
(D) Urban heat island effect