Journalism Questions and Answers

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Journalism Questions and Answers

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Questions and Answers on Journalism

1. Thurstone Scale was developed by Louis Leon Thurstone to measure the attitude
(A) towards religious attitude.
(B) in public opinion.
(C) in the response in Psychology.
(D) in response and direction.

2. The study of use of space in human communication is known as
(A) Chronemics
(B) Kinesics
(C) Proxemics
(D) Polemics

3. Inferring about the whole population on the basis of the observations made on a smaller part of the population is called
(A) Deductive Inference
(B) Inductive Inference
(C) Objective Inference
(D) Pseudo Inference

4. Which of the following is the commonest grapevine chain in an organisation?
(A) Single-stand chain
(B) Gossip chain
(C) Cluster chain
(D) Probability chain

5. Who stated, “Freedom always entails an obligation, whether itis a nation’s freedom or an individual’s freedom or a group freedom of the press’’?
(A) Lord Linlithgo
(B) Raja Ram Mohan Roy
(C) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
(D) Jawaharlal Nehru

6. The research approach of Max Weber to understand how people create meanings in natural settings is identified as
(A) Positivist Paradigm
(B) Critical Paradigm
(C) Natural Paradigm
(D) Interpretative Paradigm

7. Who wrote ‘Simulacra and Simulation’?
(A) M. Bodeu
(B) J. Baudrillard
(C) G. Deleuze
(D) R. Dawkins

8. Who formulated the idea of Web 2.0 ?
(A) T. O’Reilly
(B) W. O’Brien
(C) T. J. Pinch
(D) M. A. Moser

9. An example of Big Data might be measured in
(A) Gigabyte
(B) Kilobyte
(C) Megabyte
(D) Exabyte

10. The activity of communicating using digitised information transmitted through telecommunications and satellite is known as
(A) Artificial Intelligence
(B) Computer Generated Imagery
(C) Hyper Text Markup Language
(D) Computer Mediated Communication

11. Cultural Imperialism refers to the work of
(A) Harold Innis
(B) P.P. Singh
(C) Georgette Wang
(D) Herbert Schiller

12. Arrange the following committees from earliest to the latest
Joshi, Shunglu, Verghese, Chanda
(A) Verghese, Chanda, Joshi, Shunglu
(B) Chanda, Verghese, Joshi, Shunglu
(C) Joshi, Verghese, Chanda, Shunglu
(D) Chanda, Joshi, Verghese, Shunglu

13. TRAI consultation paper on ownership recommended on
(A) Cross media and corporate ownership of TV channels.
(B) Government running TV channels.
(C) NGOs running radio stations.
(D) Foreign embassies running TV channels.

14. Holistic method is an adoption by communication research from
(A) Psychology
(B) Anthropology
(C) Sociology
(D) Political Science

15. The Odessa Steps scene is a parody clip in
(A) Bicycle Thieves
(B) Pather Panchali
(C) Battleship Potemkin
(D) Psycho

16. Cultural hegemony concept was articulated by
(A) Karl Marx
(B) Rabindra Nath Tagore
(C) Antonio Gramsci
(D) Noam Chomsky

17. What is the term for the concept that all new media in their novel period incorporate or adapt previously existing media?
(A) Simulacrum
(B) Remediation
(C) Referentiality
(D) Technology

18. Research design in any Communication Research follows these steps. Which among the following is not part of the sequential steps?
(A) Data Collection Methods and Tools
(B) Abstract Writing
(C) Choice of Sampling Strategy
(D) Data Analysis Techniques

19. In Communication Research which statement listed below does not pertain to scientific thinking?
(A) Accurate and reliable conclusions about human behaviour
(B) Observations which are not replicable to any other setting
(C) Systematic use of methods of inquiry
(D) Characterized by Empirical observations

20. What does the term Gutter mean?
(A) Key idea to capture attention
(B) Space between columns
(C) Negative reporting
(D) Sensational reporting

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21. Which news portal has its headquarters in Kolkata?
(A) First Post
(C) Oneindia
(D) India Blooms

22. Raibeshe is a folk dance form performed mostly in which district of West Bengal?
(A) Howrah
(B) Burdwan
(C) Uttar Dinajpur
(D) South 24 Parganas

23. Which one of the following was edited by the Serampore Missionaries?
(A) Bengal Gazette
(B) Calcutta Journal
(C) Digdarshan
(D) Samachar Chandrika

24. What is the common term for an oscilloscope which is used to test and adjust audio or video signals?
(A) Wheel
(B) Videoframe
(C) Wave-form monitor
(D) Window dub

25. In which year was Hindoo Patriot first published as a daily newspaper?
(A) 1852
(B) 1862
(C) 1892
(D) 1898

26. Adversarial role of the press is when
(A) press and the state work together.
(B) press and the state do not work together.
(C) press forms a critical or many times an oppositional role.
(D) government has a full page devoted to its views.

27. Who among the following defined newspaper as a commodity?
(A) Samir Jain
(B) N. Ram
(C) C.R. Irani
(D) Mammon Mathew

28. Leapfrogging in communication and development is attributed to
(A) E. M. Rogers
(B) Daniel Lerner
(C) Lucien Pye
(D) Wilbur Schramm

29. Advertising on TV, as per regulations, is restricted to:
(A) 12 minutes per hour
(B) 20 minutes per hour
(C) 5 minutes per hour
(D) 10 minutes per hour

30. Wall Street Protest, Arab Spring and Nirbhaya movement are examples of protests mainly marshalled by
(A) Social Networking
(B) Radio
(C) Television
(D) Cinema

31. Normal, ordinal and interval scales refer to
(A) levels of learning.
(B) levels of measurement.
(C) levels of achievement.
(D) levels of contentment.

32. Reasonable restrictions on freedom of speech and expression is contained in certain provisions of
(A) Article 25
(B) Article 15
(C) Article 21
(D) Article 19

33. Who among the following members of the Frankfurt School was the first director of the school?
(A) Theodor Adorno
(B) Max Horkheimer
(C) Herbert Marcuse
(D) Carl Grunberg

34. Who among the following is known for contributing substantially to ‘Persuasion Research’?
(A) Harold Lasswell
(B) Herbert Schiller
(C) Carl Hoveland
(D) Jurgen Habermas

35. Assertion (A): There is a surge in making short films in India recently.
Reason(R): The technology needed for making short films is easily and cheaply available.
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true.
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

36. Assertion (A) : Stereotyping is a weapon in the hands of the ruling elite to show the ‘other’ in poor light.
Reason (R) : The ‘other’ in the society does not have the media power to fight back.
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true.
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

37. Assertion (A) : Media is transmitting patriarchal ideology.
Reason (R) : Gender research is confined only to the issue of Stereotyping in Media.
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true.
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

38. Assertion(A): The newspaper readership is declining in India owing to more digital media usage among youth.
Reason(R): The decline in newspaper readership 1s attributed to lack of media credibility.
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true.
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

39. Assertion(A): The global village causes uninterrupted flow of information in villages in remote areas.
Reason(R): Free access to information is a means to empower people.
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true.
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

40. Which of the following is an objective of informative advertising?
(A) Build Brand Preference
(B) Change Customer Perceptions of Brand Value
(C) Encourage Customers to switch Brands
(D) Suggest new uses of an exiting product in the market

41. Rasa, Bhava, Abhinaya, Swara, Pravriti have been described in which of the following?
(A) Rig Veda
(B) Bhagavad Gita
(C) Natya Shastra
(D) Tantraloka

42. Grapevine is
(A) Downward Communication
(B) Formal Communication
(C) Informal Communication
(D) Upward Communication

43. Newspaper Masthead is called
(A) Headline
(B) Banner
(C) Flag
(D) Ribbon

44. The terms ‘Media Determinism’, ‘Global Village’ and ‘Hot and Cool Media’ were conceptualised by
(A) Harold Lasswell
(B) Walter Lipman
(C) Marshall McLuhan
(D) Wilbur Schramm

45. Who was the first person to develop the concept of Wireless Communication?
(A) Samuel Morse
(B) Robert Fulton
(C) Alexander Graham Bell
(D) John Logie Baird

46. Identify the correct sequence of the models, as per the year of publications.
(A) Osgood’s Model, Lasswell’s Model, Westley and Maclean’s Model, Shannon and Weaver’s Model
(B) Shannon and Weaver’s Model, Osgood’s Model, Lasswell’s Model,Westley and Maclean’s Model
(C) Lasswell’s Model, Shannon and Weaver’s Model, Osgood’s Model, Westley and Maclean’s Model
(D) Westley and Maclean’s Model, Lasswell’s Model, Osgood’s Model, Shannon and Weaver’s Model

47. The visual component of an advertisement without the text is called
(A) Picture
(B) Artwork
(C) Airbrush
(D) Art Proof

48. Identify the correct sequence of the ‘Factors for Innovation’ as per the ‘Diffusion of Innovation’.
(A) Relative advantage, Compatibility, Complexity, Triability, Observability
(B) Compatibility, Observability, Triability, Complexity, Relative advantage
(C) Observability, Relative advantage, Complexity, Triability, Compatibility
(D) Complexity, Triability, Observability, Relative advantage, Compatibility

49. Umberto Eco refers to the ability of popular culture to resist dominant practices as
(A) “ SEMIOTIC Guerilla Warfare”
(B) Floating Signifier
(C) Semiology
(D) Double Signification

50. Ritwik Ghatak’s film ‘Ajantrik’ deals with the relationship between
(A) arickshaw driver and his rickshaw.
(B) atram driver and his tram.
(C) a bus driver and his bus.
(D) a taxi driver and his taxi.

51. POD publishing refers to
(A) Print on Default
(B) Print on Demand
(C) Printing by Traditional Methods
(D) Screen Printing

52. “Traditionally mass communication research has conceptualised the communication process as a circular circuit or loop.” Who said this?
(A) Everett Rogers
(B) Wilbur Schramm
(C) Stuart Hall
(D) John Fiske

53. Leveson Inquiry was meant to investigate culture, practices and ethics of
(A) USA media
(B) UK media
(C) Australian media
(D) Indian media

54. Semantics deal with
(A) Meanings
(B) Codes
(C) Signs
(D) Texts

55. “With Malice towards one and all” was a column by
(A) Khushwant Singh
(B) Arundhati Roy
(C) B.K. Karanjia
(D) Daryl D’Monte

56. Prasar Bharati Act was enacted in
(A) 1997
(B) 1990
(C) 1998
(D) 1996

57. Assertion (A): Taylor and Altman determined that orientation of interaction, exploration, affective exchange and stable exchange are layers of social penetration.
Reason(R): The four stages of the relational development are supposed to happen at the periphery of personality in private space.
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true.
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

58. Assertion (A): The public sphere can seldom be effectively constituted and maintained through dialogues, acts of speech and discussion.
Reason (R): But Jurgen Habermas claims that public debate can be animated by ‘opinion forming associations to counter the message of authorities’.
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true.
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

59. Assertion (A): Roland Barthes disputes Saussure’s approach to Semiotics.
Reason(R): Symbolic signs are language dependent and hence seen as arbitrary.
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true.
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

60. Assertion (A): Atomisation of news runs counter to the logic of inverted pyramid style.
Reason(R): Inverted pyramid style can not be dispensed with in Journalistic Reporting.
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true.
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).
(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false.
(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

61. Ritwik Ghatak was associated with which theatre movement?
(A) Indian People’s Theatre Association
(B) Shatabdi
(C) Jana Sanskriti
(D) Prithvi Theatre

62. “Camera Lucida” was the book authored by
(A) Raghu Rai
(B) Levi Strauss
(C) Roland Barthes
(D) Susan Sontag

63. Space-biased and Time-biased media are the concepts of
(A) Marshall McLuhan
(B) Harold Innis
(C) Max Horkheimer
(D) George Gerbner

64. In Broadcast Journalism, the term ‘Back timing’ refers to
(A) A technique that ensures all stories fit into the required time slot.
(B) written part of new stories.
(C) shots used in picture sequence.
(D) rewinding.

65. Erwing Goffman is associated with
(A) Content analysis
(B) Frame analysis
(C) Textual analysis
(D) Factor analysis

66. Cryptic Journalism seeks to use
(A) Encryption technologies in Journalism.
(B) Clarity in Journalism.
(C) New editing techniques.
(D) Data Journalism.

67. Netflix uses
(A) Streaming network
(B) Torrent network
(C) P,P network
(D) Digital broadcasting network

68. SLR stands for
(A) Single Lens Reflex
(B) Signal Line Resolution
(C) Signal Light Radiation
(D) Single Light Reflex

69. Who is a unigue visitor in Online Journalism metrics?
(A) A person who visits a site at least once during the reporting period.
(B) A person who visits a site rarely.
(C) A person who is a hacker.
(D) A person who has a trial subscription.

70. The work of Arthur C. Clarke made possible
(A) Global Satellite Communication
(B) Regional Satellite Communication
(C) Microwave Communication
(D) Terrestrial Communication

71. ‘Berliner’ format is
(A) bigger than broadsheet format.
(B) marginally taller and wider than tabloid format.
(C) a TV channel in India.
(D) smaller than Pocket Book format.

72. Media ecology theory propounds
(A) physical environment of media.
(B) media as environments.
(C) technological determinism.
(D) McLuhanism.

73. Journalists should be aware of these Articles in reporting legislature as it deals with privileges and immunities of elected representatives.
(A) Articles 105(3) and 194(3)
(B) Articles 104(2) and 195(3)
(C) Articles 103(3) and 196(4)
(D) Articles 208(1) and 211(2)

74. Which of the following is MacBride Report?
(A) Global Village
(B) Many Voices, Many Worlds
(C) Many Voices, One World
(D) One Voice, Many Worlds

75. Name the journalist who fought for the rights of women prisoners in India.
(A) Sheela Barse
(B) Barkha Dutt
(C) Sevanti Ninan
(D) Pushma Girimaji

76. Rural Broadcasting is the brainchild of which scientist?
(A) Dr. Abdul Kalam
(B) Dr. Raja Ramanna
(C) Dr. Vikram Sarabhai
(D) Dr. Kasturirangan

77. Which section of IPC deals with Defamation?
(A) Section 496
(B) Section 497
(C) Section 498
(D) Section 499

78. Which Article of IT Act, 2000 was struck down by Apex Court?
(A) 68
(B) 66A
(C) 67 A
(D) 67

79. What type of variable is the ‘size of the family’?
(A) Intervening variable
(B) Discrete variable
(C) Continuous variable
(D) Non-discrete variable

80. In which of these scales, ‘ zero has absolute and natural value’ ?
(A) Interval value
(B) Ratio scale
(C) Nominal scale
(D) Ordinal scale

81. Which type of Survey is Census?
(A) Analytical Survey
(B) Demographic Survey
(C) Descriptive Survey
(D) Exploratory Survey

82. One of these tests investigates simultaneous analysis of differences between more than two groups of samples.
(A) t – test
(C) Chi-Square
(D) Standard Deviation

83. Which of these is not the principles of visualization in Ads?
(A) Balance
(B) Contrast
(C) White space
(D) Tombstoning