Microbiology Previous Question

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Microbiology Previous Question

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Previous Question Papers on Microbiology

1. Acycloguanosine is a nucleoside analog which is active against
(1) Influenza A virus
(2) HIV virus
(3) Herpes virus
(4) Influenza B virus

2. Which of the following is a drug that interferes with the process of DNA production in the virus that causes genital herpes ?
(1) Erythromycin
(2) Vancomycin
(3) Amantadine
(4) Acyclovir

3. By which of the following means antifungal chemotherapeutic agents may affect fungi ?
(1) Interfere with nuclear division by preventing the aggregation of microtubules needed for mitosis.
(2) Interfere with normal nucleic acid synthesis.
(3) Interfere with ergosterol biosynthesis and thus alter the structure of the cytoplasmic membrane as well as the function of several membrane-bound enzymes like those involved in nutrient transport and chitin synthesis.
(4) All of these

4. Who developed the concept of specific toxicity ?
(1) Pasteur
(2) Fieming
(3) Watson
(4) Ehrlich

5. Treatment of municipal water supplies is based upon :
(1) Coagulation, filtration, chlorination
(2) Chlorination, filtration, coagulation
(3) Filtration, coagulation, chlorination
(4) Coagulation, chlorination, filtration

6. Who discovered transposons (jumping genes) ?
(1) Abelson
(2) Harvey
(3) McClintock
(4) Griffith

7. The cloning step in PCR sequencing analysis of microbial communities is necessary for :
(1) the amplification process
(2) preventing contamination by outside DNA
(3) separating the different rRNA gene sequences in the mixture
(4) None of these

8. Factors influencing the nosocomial infection are :
(1) Patient susceptibility
(2) Microbial agent
(3) Environment factors
(4) All of these

9. What are the types of hospital acquired infection ?
(1) Ventilator associated pneumonia
(2) Surgical site infection
(3) Central line associated blood stream infection
(4) All of these

10. Which one of the following is most characteristic of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection ?
(1) Infection results in a fever of sudden onset accompanied by a productive cough.
(2) Infection most commonly occurs in the upper respiratory tract.
(3) Infection is definitively diagnosed by direct microscopic examination of sputum.
(4) Re-infection is rare and less severe than primary infection.

11. Each of the following organisms is an important cause of urinary tract infections except :
(1) Klebsiella pneumoniae
(2) Escherichia colt
(3) Bacteroides fragilis
(4) Proteus mirabilis

12. Candida Albicans present as normal flora in mouth colon and
(1) Vagina
(2) Intestine
(3) Uterus
(4) Skin

13. Lactobacillus is a human pathogen that is also part of normal flora and found in:
(1) Colon
(2) Mouth
(3) Genital Tract of female
(4) All of these

14. Which of the following is not a toxic type of food poisoning ?
(1) Staphylococcus aureus
(2) Bacillus cereus
(3) Clostridium botulinum
(4) Campylobacter jejuni

15. A Child who has not been vaccinated with H.influenza comes to the OPD at 14. months. How many doses, including booster would you like to give to this child ?
(1) 4 doses
(2) 3 doses
(3) 2 doses
(4) Only one dose

16. For the prevention of human rabies, immediate flushing and washing the wound(s) in animal bite cases, with plenty of soap and water, under running tap should be carried out for how much time ?
(1) 2 minutes
(2) 1 minute
(3) 15 minutes
(4) 5 minutes

17. Which of the following antibiotics works by blocking RNA synthesis ?
(1) Ofloxacin
(2) Rifampicin
(3) Chloramphenicol
(4) Tetracycline

18. Adjuvant used in DPT is:
(1) Silica
(2) B. Magnesium
(3) C. Manganese
(4) D. Aluminum

19. Which of the following is a causative agent of acute endocarditis ?
(1) Salmonella typhi
(2) Haemophilus influenza
(3) Staphylococcus aureus
(4) Pseudomonas spp

20. Which of the following is an important disinfectant on account of effectively destroying gram-positive and gram negative bacteria, viruses and even spores at low pH levels
(1) Phenol
(2) Alcohol
(3) Chlorine
(4) Hexachlorophene

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21. Phenol co-efficient indicates :
(1) Efficacy of a disinfectant
(2) Dilution of a disinfectant
(3) Quantity of a disinfectant
(4) Purity of a disinfectant

22. Prokaryotic cells are more resistant to osmotic shock than eukaryotic cells because :
(1) Their cell wall is composed of peptidoglycan.
(2) They are selectively permeable.
(3) hey contain osmoregulating porins.
(4) They block water molecules from entering the cell.

23. Streptococci which are destroyed at 60°C for 30 minutes
(1) Preptostreptococci
(2) Strepto viridians
(3) Strepto hemolyticus
(4) All of these

24. Electron microscope studies does not help in identifying the section of bacterial spore :
(1) Core
(2) Spore cortex
(3) Capsule
(4) All of these

25. Cell cycle regulated by :
(1) Cyclins
(2) Cdks
(3) Cyclins and Cdks
(4) None of these

26. Which of these is a trace element for bacteria ?
(1) Mg+2
(2) Na+
(3) Ca+2
(4) Mn+2

27. The protein moiety of an enzyme is known as –
(1) Holo enzyme
(2) Apo enzyme
(3) Co-enzyme
(4) Enzyme

28. Which one of the following mineral elements play an important role in biological nitrogen fixation ?
(1) Copper
(2) Magnesium
(3) Zinc
(4) Molybdenum

29. The process of formation of mesozygote is called
(1) Meromixis
(2) Exozygote
(3) Mitosis
(4) Meiosis

30. The genetic material in HIV is :
(1) dsDNA
(2) ssDNA
(3) sRNA
(4) None of these

31. Humans normally have 46 chromosomes in skin cells. How many autosomes would be expected in a kidney cell ?
(1) 46
(2) 23
(3) 47
(4) 44

32. Genomic DNA is extracted, broken into fragments of reasonable size by a restriction endonuclease and then inserted into a cloning vector to generate chimeric vectors. The cloned fragments are called
(1) Clones
(2) Genomic library
(3) mRNA
(4) None of these

33. Following substance may act as an antigen :
(1) Egg albumin
(2) RBC and serum
(3) Vegetable protein
(4) Snake venom

34. Which antibody is called millionaire molecule ?
(1) IgA
(2) IgM
(3) IgG
(4) IgD

35. After the contact with foreign antigens, body produces specific antibody. These specific antibodies are readily detectable in serum following primary contact with antigen after :
(1) 10 min
(2) 1h
(3) 5-7 days
(4) 3-5 weeks

36. An anamnestic response involves a/an :
(1) effector response
(2) high intensity
(3) rapid memory
(4) All of these

37. The membrane attack complex in the complement pathway consists of :
(1) C3b3b, Bb
(2) CS5b, 6, 7, 8,9
(3) Colicins
(4) OH

38. One principal function of complement is to:
(1) bind antibodies attached to cell surfaces and to lyse these cells
(2) cross link allergens
(3) inactivate perforins
(4) mediate the release of histamine

39. Which of the following is useful to STIMULATE antibody production ?
(1) An adjuvant
(2) A hapten
(3) Anti serum
(4) Purified antigen

40. Agammaglobulinemia is an immunodeficiency disease due to a deficiency in:
(1) T cells
(2) Igk
(3) Cytokines
(4) Bcells

41. Which disease would be most similar to AIDS in its pathology ?
(1) SCID
(2) Di-George syndrome
(3) Agammaglobulinemia
(4) ADA deficiency

42. All of the following are true with respect to IgE molecules, EXCEPT which one ?
(1) They are involved in mediating anti-parasitic immune responses.
(2) They are the principal immunoglobulin class involved in allergic reactions.
(3) They can affect the release of histamine and other chemical mediators.
(4) They will cross the placenta and fix complement.

43. Fusion between a plasma cell and a tumor cell creates a:
(1) Myeloma
(2) Lymphoblast
(3) Lymphoma
(4) Hybridoma

44. A living microbe with reduced virulence that is used for vaccination is considered :
(1) A toxoid
(2) Dormant
(3) Virulent
(4) Attenuated

45. The ability of the immune system to recognize self antigens versus nonself antigen is an example of :
(1) Specific immunity
(2) Tolerance
(3) Cell mediated immunity
(4) Antigenic immunity