Philosophy Selected Question Papers

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Philosophy Selected Question Papers

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Selected Question Papers on Philosophy

1. Which one of the following is not accepted by Vivekanand ?
(A) Maya is the power of the creator
(B) Maya is the principle of change
(C) Maya is the power that creates illusion
(D) Maya is a sakti that makes creation possible

2. According to B. R. Ambedkar his philosophy is enshrined in :
(A) distribution justice
(B) liberty, equality and fraternity
(C) reservation for the economically backward class
(D) upliftment of the shudras

3. According to K. C. Bhattacharyya, philosophical thought is :
(A) Judgemental
(B) a matter of faith
(C) necessity speakable
(D) necessity non-speakable

4. God, nature, soul and universe are all convertible terms, according to :
(A) Vivekanand
(B) Iqbal
(C) S. Radhakrishnan
(D) K. C. Bhattacharyya

5. According to Aurobindo’s theory of evolution, creation is an integration of :
(A) descent and ascent
(B) good and evil
(C) truth and falsehood
(D) dharma and adharma

6. The following feature is not attributed to in Patanjali’s Yoga :
(A) Creator of the world
(B) Special kind of Purusa
(C) The teacher of teachers
(D) Omniscient

7. The following metaphor was not used by Samkhyas for explaining the relation between Prakrti and Purusa :
(A) Milk and calf
(B) Dancer and audience
(C) The earth and the sun
(D) A blind person and a lame person

8. According to School of Buddhism :
(A) External objects can be known through yogic perception
(B) External objects can be inferred
(C) External objects do not exist
(D) There are no objects at all

9. The Upanisadic statement ‘thou art that’ speaks of the identity of :
(A) Matter and spirit
(B) Individual self and the Absolute
(C) Brahman and svara
(D) Knowledge and action

10. Nietzsche’s ‘will-to-power’ is :
(A) Nihilistic
(B) Meaningless
(C) Logical
(D) creative

11. For Spinoza, God is :
(A) personal force
(B) creative force
(C) explanatory principle
(D) teleological principle

12. Leibniz’s monads are :
(A) Solid
(B) Interactive
(C) self-sufficient
(D) dependent

13. For Spinoza the mind and body are :
(A) two independent substances
(B) two dependent substances
(C) two forms of one substance
(D) two parallel substances

14. The causal relation, according to Hume, is an :
(A) associative idea
(B) dissociative idea
(C) innate idea
(D) analytical idea

15. In Hegel the progress towards the Absolute is one of :
(A) growth of false-consciousness
(B) the process of alienation from world
(C) the growth of self-consciousness
(D) the state of self-alienation

16. According to Ryle, Cartesian theory of mind is based on a confusion between :
(A) brain and mind
(B) physical and mental properties
(C) psychic and spiritual properties
(D) mental descriptions and dispositions

17. For Locke the basis of material objects is :
(A) something known
(B) something unknown
(C) something imaginary
(D) something illusory

18. For Kant cause is a category of :
(A) Quantity
(B) Quality
(C) Modality
(D) relation

19. For Kant space and time are :
(A) Ideas of reason
(B) Categories of understanding
(C) Forms of intuition
(D) Analogies of experience

20. According to Wittgenstein a name can only be :
(A) True
(B) used with purpose
(C) a referent
(D) meaningful

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21. Moore’s “Refutation of Idealism” challenges the view :
(A) common to all idealist theories
(B) that only true ideas are real
(C) that the external world is unknowable
(D) that the knowledge of the self is absolutely certain

22. Logic is the essence of philosophy according to Russell because of its :
(A) Simplicity
(B) mathematical nature
(C) clarity
(D) generality

23. According to Gilbert Ryle a category mistake arises when :
(A) identical things are seen as different
(B) different things are seen as identical
(C) things of one kind are presented as if they belong to another
(D) things of different kinds are presented as seperate and distinct

24. According to C. S. Pierce truth is that which a process of enquiry would lead to if pursued to :
(A) an ideal limit
(B) a realistic limit
(C) a logical limit
(D) an empirical limit

25. Logical positivism is a movement which presupposes that there is a confirmation theory with a :
(A) unique authority
(B) contextual authority
(C) syntactic authority
(D) semantic authority

26. According to early Wittgenstein a sentence must share a pictorial form with :
(A) other sentences of the same genre
(B) its apparent content
(C) its ideal use
(D) the state of affairs it reports

27. According to Husserl intentionality is a complex relation among :
(A) subject and object
(B) act and content
(C) subject and content
(D) subject, act, content and object

28. In investigating consciousness phenomenologically the existence of things in the world is :
(A) Suspended
(B) Assumed
(C) Doubted
(D) affirmed

29. According to Hegel history is :
(A) Empirical
(B) Spiritual
(C) Intellectual
(D) dialectical

30. Episteme differs from doxa as it is :
(A) justified true belief
(B) intuited true belief
(C) perceived true belief
(D) harmonised true belief

31. Democritus upheld that atoms are :
(A) mobile in empty space
(B) immobile in empty space
(C) suspended in empty space
(D) mobile in nonempty space

32. According to Aristotle, the subject matter of philosophy is the study of :
(A) movable things
(B) immovable things
(C) destructible things
(D) indestructible things

33. Summa Theologia was authored by :
(A) Aquinas
(B) Anselm
(C) Augustine
(D) Aristotle

34. According to Advaita Vedanta the following powers of avidya are responsible for the perception of the external world :
(A) Tulavidya and Mulavidya
(B) Adhyasa and Bhrama
(C) Prakasa and Kriya
(D) Avarana and Viksepa

35. “~p” is a……………….. .
(A) Simple and truth-functional statement
(B) Simple statement
(C) Compound and truth-functional statement
(D) Compound and non-truth functional statement

36. Gandhi believes in only one religion, because :
(A) According to him there is one God
(B) Hinduism is great religion
(C) Moral standards all over the world are same
(D) Basically he believes in Islamic monotheism

37. The following Vedantin Acaryas insisted on literal meaning (mykhyartha) of mahavakyas as against derivative meaning (laksyartha) :
(A) Samkara and Ramanuja
(B) Samkara and Nimbarka
(C) Samkara and Vallabha
(D) Ramanuja and Vallabha

38. Conjunction of threads is the following type of the cause of a cloth :
(A) Asamavayikarana
(B) Nimittakarana
(C) Sahakarikarana
(D) Samavayikarana

39. The following system has criticised the Nyaya doctrine of Samanya most vehemently :
(A) Mimamsa
(B) Jainism
(C) Sankhya
(D) Buddhism

40. Rawls’ concept of justice is a version of :
(A) Utilitarian theory
(B) Capabilities theory
(C) Intuitionist theory
(D) Contract theory

41. The view that one general term can be applied to many things that share a common property that is objective :
(A) Realism
(B) Nominalism
(C) Conceptualism
(D) Formalism

42. The weakness of will is :
(A) Eudaimonia
(B) Akrasia
(C) Arête
(D) Thumos

43. Who among the following are nominalists ?
(1) Hobbes
(2) Locke
(3) Ockham
(4) Abelard
(A) (1) and (2)
(B) (2) and (3)
(C) (3) and (4)
(D) (1) and (3)

44. Which is the best definition of “Summum bonum” ?
(A) a good
(B) the greatest good
(C) the good
(D) the highest good

45. For Locke, intuition and demonstration are degrees of :
(A) Faith
(B) Reality
(C) Knowledge
(D) Opinion

46. If one infers fire on the basis of clouds seen by mistake as smoke on the mountain, then one is committing the following Hetvabhasa :
(A) Asiddha
(B) Viruddha
(C) Anaikantika
(D) Badhita

47. Husserl’s phenomenology is an alternative to :
(A) Subjectivism
(B) Transcendentalism
(C) Idealism
(D) Objectivism

48. The phrase ‘a-man’ is for Russell :
(A) a clear description
(B) an ambiguous description
(C) a definite description
(D) a consistent description

49. Which of the following statements is incorrect ?
(A) Copula expresses a relation between two terms
(B) Copula is a sign of agreement or disagreement between the subject and the predicate
(C) Copula does not assert or deny the existence of the subject or the predicate
(D) Copula is a third term which is a part of a proposition

50. From the Platonic perspective, wrong doing is :
(A) an unwilling act
(B) a voluntary act
(C) a cognitive act
(D) an ignorant act