Philosophy Typical Question Papers

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Philosophy Typical Question Papers

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Typical Question Papers on Philosophy

1. According to utilitarians the right act is:
(A) The act that produces the greater balance of pleasure over suffering
(B) Whatever feels good
(C) That which is known by intuition
(D) any act that lessen sorrow and suffering

2. “Nothing can possibly be conceived in the world, or even out of it, which can be called good without qualification, except a good will”, this view is held by:
(A) Hume
(B) Kant
(C) Bradley
(D) Mill

3. The Caturyama dharma in Jainism was developed by:
(A) Rsabhadeva
(B) Vardhamana Mahavira
(C) Adinatha
(D) Parsvanatha

4. These are considered to be the foundation of Hinduism:
(A) The Puranas
(B) Ramayana and Mahabharata
(C) The Vedas
(D) The Smrti Grantha

5. The total number of gunas in ‘Sikhism’ is:
(A) 12
(B) 5
(C) 9
(D) 10

6. According to Christianity, evil entered into our world as a result of:
(A) Satan’s fall
(B) God’s desire
(C) Human emotion
(D) Disorder in creation of the world

7. Bentham regarded Utilitarian ethics as an important mean of:
(A) Improving reason
(B) Improving self
(C) Upholding social tradition and custom
(D) Social reform

8. Which kind of ethical theory is utilitarian?
(A) Absolute
(B) Deontological
(C) Theological
(D) Teleological

9. Who upheld the view that the female is a female by virtue of a certain lack of qualities?
(A) Aristotle
(B) Marx
(C) Engels
(D) Mill

10. According to C.L. Stevenson, ethical argument usually terminates, when:
(A) disagreement in belief terminates
(B) disagreement in attitudes terminates
(C) the whole value-system collapsed
(D) one perceive the non-natural quality of the object of disagreement

11. The law of contradiction is also known as:
(A) law of identity
(B) law of validity
(C) law of truth
(D) law of non-contradiction

12. Which of the following are known through description according to Russell?
(A) Physical objects and sense data
(B) Sense data and other minds
(C) Other minds and metaphysical objects
(D) Physical objects and other minds

13. “But though all our knowledge begins with experience, it does not follow that it all arises out of experience.” Who upheld this?
(A) Berkeley
(B) Hume
(C) Kant
(D) Hegel

14. According to Nyaya, a person experiences his or her own happiness by the following types of perception:
(A) Manasapratyaksa
(B) Svasamvedanapratyaksa
(C) Alaukikapratyaksa
(D) Aindriyapratyaksa

15. One’s own mental state is perceived by the following type of perception according to Buddhists:
(A) Indriyapratyaksa
(B) Svasamvedanapratyaksa
(C) Manovijnanapratyaksa
(D) Yogipratyaksa

16. According to Advaita-Vedanta the external objects that we perceive belong to the following realm of existence:
(A) Paramarthika Satta
(B) Vyavaharika Satta
(C) Pratibhasika Satta
(D) Tuccha

17. The following cognition is called ‘anumanapramana’ by Nyaya:
(A) Perception of Hetu
(B) Knowledge of Vyapti
(C) Recollection of Vyapti
(D) Knowledge of Sadhya

18. The following number of hetvabhasas were accepted by Buddhists and Naiyayikas respectively:
(A) 5 and 3
(B) 3 and 5
(C) 5 and 2
(D) 2 and 6

19. The Buddhist notion of Pancasila includes the following:
(A) Satya, Ahimsa, Asteya, Brahmacarya and Aparigraha
(B) Yama, Niyama, Asana, Pranayama and Pratyahara
(C) Sauca, Santosa, Tapas, svadhyaya and Isvarpranidhana
(D) Satya, Ahimsa, Asteya, Brahmacarya and suramaireya pramada sthana virati

20. The right path to liberation according to Ramanuja is:
(A) Jnana alone
(B) Karma alone
(C) Karma qualified by Bhakti
(D) Bhakti qualified by jnana and karma

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21. In Nimbarka’s philosophy the following metaphor is used for explaining the relation between Brahman and the world:
(A) Counch-shell and silver
(B) Milk and curd
(C) Soil and earthen pot
(D) Fire and its sparks

22. The criterion of ‘real’ according to Samkara is:
(A) Empirical verification
(B) Possession of the universal property called satta
(C) Causal efficacy
(D) Non-sublation

23. Bheda, according to Madhvacarya, is:
(A) Phenomenally real
(B) Ultimately real
(C) Ultimately unreal
(D) Illusory

24. According to Gandhi:
(A) Truth is the means and Ahimsa is the end
(B) Ahimsa is the means and Truth is the end
(C) Ahimsa and Truth are identical
(D) There is not any relation between Ahimsa and Truth

25. Universals are contrasted with:
(A) Individuals
(B) Particulars
(C) Abstractions
(D) Appearance

26. Who upheld personal identity to be a fiction?
(A) Locke
(B) Spinoza
(C) Berkeley
(D) Hume

27. For Kant, causation is:
(A) a synthetic apriori relation
(B) an analytic apriori relation
(C) a synthetic aposteriori relation
(D) an analytic aposteriori relation

28. The relation between prama and pramana according to Nyaya is as follows:
(A) Prama is a means to pramana
(B) Pramana is a means to prama
(C) Prama is the same as pramana
(D) Prama and paramana are two aspects of knowledge

29. Prabhakara-mimamsakas accept all the pramanas accepted by Bhattamimamsakas except:
(A) Anupalabdhi
(B) Arthapatti
(C) Smrti
(D) Upamana

30. When in illusian one experiences snake in place of rope, the status of snake according to Prabhakara mimamsakas is such that the snake at that time is:
(A) Recollected
(B) Truly perceived
(C) Perceived in a wrong place
(D) Imaginary

31. According to Anvitabhidhanavada:
(A) Sentence meaning has primacy over word meaning
(B) Word meaning has primary over sentence meaning
(C) Both word meaning and sentence meaning are equally important, but separate
(D) Both word meaning and sentence meaning are equally important, but interconnected

32. Akanksa, Yogyata and Sannidhi are understood in Indian philosophy of language as:
(A) Conditions of truth of a sentence
(B) Types of relationship among speakers
(C) Constituents of sentence meaning
(D) Constitutive conditions of a meaningful sentence

33. The following statement is true about the Vaisesika notion of dravyas:
(A) Dravya is of two kinds: nitya and anitya
(B) All dravyas are nitya
(C) All dravyas are anitya
(D) Every dravya is nitya or anitya subject to the perspective of the knower

34. The following darsanas have given Akasa the status of an independent positive substance:
(A) Vaisesika and Buddhism
(B) Vaisesika and Sankhya
(C) Sankhya and Jainism
(D) Vaisesika and Jainism

35. This is not true of Maya:
(A) It is Sadasadanirvachaniya
(B) It is Adhyasa
(C) It is Abhavarupa
(D) It is vivarta

36. The following type of padartha cannot have samavayi-karana
(A) Dravya
(B) Guna
(C) Karma
(D) Samanya

37. Samavaya Samvandha is seen in the following example:
(A) Pearls and string
(B) Flowers and their heap
(C) Matchsticks and the matchbox
(D) Leaves of a tree and the tree

38. Who linked substance with permanence through changes?
(A) Locke
(B) Kant
(C) Berkeley
(D) Hume

39. According to Berkeley, the material world as an object of perception is to be:
(A) Represented
(B) Doubted
(C) Rejected
(D) Justified

40. “Truth happens to an Idea.” This was upheld by:
(A) Bradley
(B) Russell
(C) Tarski
(D) James

41. According to Descartes, knowledge is to be built on strong:
(A) Belief
(B) Experience
(C) Impression
(D) Foundation

42. If a deductive argument is valid and all its premises are true, then the argument is:
(A) Rational
(B) Sound
(C) Empirical
(D) Philosophical

43. The contrary of ‘E’ proposition is:
(A) ‘I’ proposition
(B) ‘O’ proposition
(C) ‘A’ proposition
(D) Both ‘I’ and ‘O’ propositions

44. An immediate inference is an inference drawn:
(A) from only one premise
(B) from only two premises
(C) from more than two premises
(D) without any premise

45. An axiomatic system is complete in its widest sense when:
(A) all the axioms are self-evident
(B) both ‘p’ and ‘~p’ are not the theorems of the system
(C) either ‘p’ or ‘~p’ must be the theorem of that system
(D) every wff is either an axiom or a theorem of that system

46. In propositional logic, when one statement is said to be equivalent to another, it means that these statements have the same:
(A) Grammatical form
(B) Meaning
(C) Truth values
(D) Connectives

47. According to Vallabha, out of the three essential characteristics of Isvara, viz. sat, cit and ananda, the following is/are vividly present in the world:
(A) only sat
(B) only cit
(C) sat and cit only
(D) all of the above

48. Quit India Call given by Gandhi was an example of this kind of Satyagraha:
(A) Disobedience
(B) Direct action
(C) Non-co-operation
(D) Fasting

49. Gandhi’s idea of the ideal state is the idea of the:
(A) Centralised Republic
(B) Urban Republic
(C) Elite Republic
(D) Village Republic

50. Gandhi says, “I consider untouchability to be a heinous crime against…………”.
(A) Nation
(B) Humanity
(C) Society
(D) lower caste