Sociology Typical Question Papers

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Sociology Typical Question Papers

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Typical Question Papers on Sociology

1. ‘Bow and Arrow’ ceremony is performed for which of the following reasons?
(A) To capture brides
(B) To find grooms
(C) To give societal acceptance to children
(D) To hunt food for the family

2. ‘India has missed the industrial revolution, but can’t afford to miss the knowledge revolution, has been asserted by:
(A) Education Commission of India
(B) Knowledge Commission of India
(C) Industrial Commission of India
(D) Agricultural Commission of India

3. Who gave the term “The Culture of Poverty”?
(A) Louis Dumont
(B) Robert Merton
(C) H. Spencer
(D) Oscar Lewis

4. For which type of research hypothesis building is not mandatory?
(A) Quantitative Research
(B) Qualitative Research
(C) Survey based Research
(D) Research based on large data

5. Who is the author of the book “Affinity as a Value: Marriage Alliance in South India, with Comparative Essays on Australia”?
(A) Claude Levi-Strauss
(B) Rodney Needham
(C) Louis Dumont
(D) A. R. Radcliffe Brown

6. How many most polluted cities of world are in India out of top ten?
(A) 6
(B) 7
(C) 9
(D) 5

7. A model which looks at power as dispersed among many competing groups is known as ……………… .
(A) Power elite model
(B) Pluralistic model
(C) Marxist model
(D) Democratic model

8. Which of the following sociologists has worked on the idea of networks and flows?
(A) Beck
(B) Ritzer
(C) Giddens
(D) Castells

9. Functionalist perspective to power is put forth by ………………… .
(A) R. Merton
(B) T. Parsons
(C) K. Marx
(D) M. Weber

10. Which one of the following is true about observation as a tool of data collection?
(A) quantitative generalizations on the results
(B) information about past and future
(C) provides information when other methods fail
(D) quite essay and a time-saving method

11. “Social sciences have created docile bodies and subjected minds”. Who stated this?
(A) Lyotard
(B) Berger
(C) Mannhein
(D) Foucault

12. Diaspora by definition share:
(A) Language
(B) Region
(C) Homeland
(D) Religion

13. Who stated that, “Community is not list of tools and customs, it is an integrated whole”?
(A) Zimmerman
(B) Robert Redfield
(C) Miltan Singer
(D) George Simmel

14. Which of the following does not refer to sociological understanding of ‘status’?
(A) Rank
(B) Prestige
(C) Ego
(D) Lifestyle

15. Ingrained habits, skills and dispositions by an individual is called:
(A) Agency
(B) Habitus
(C) Growth
(D) Development

16. Measure of dispersion that is extremely useful in correlation analysis is ……………… .
(A) Range
(B) Interquartile range
(C) Mean deviation
(D) Standard deviation

17. Identify the place that caters to users with commonality of interest and showcases one’s own interest.
(A) Network
(B) Niche
(C) Gateway
(D) Bill-board

18. Which one of the following is not a characteristic of lineage?
(A) Consists of several families
(B) Common residence
(C) Totem
(D) A known ancestor

19. In his study of religion, Weber focuses on which type of ethics for the rise of capitalism in the Western Europe?
(A) Calvinism
(B) Pietism
(C) Methodism
(D) Spiritualism

20. Who was of the view that the Indiantribes were like backward Hindus?
(A) M. N. Srinivas
(B) A. M. Shah
(C) G. S. Ghurye
(D) Y. Singh

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21. Which one of the following is not a feature of caste system?
(A) Exogamy
(B) Ritual hierarchy
(C) Purity and pollution
(D) Division of labour based on ascription

22. Data on disability was not convassed in which of the following years?
(A) 1981
(B) 1991
(C) 2001
(D) 2011

23. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other as Reason (R).
Assertion (A): The process of Globalization leads to increase in inequality.
Reason (R): Developed nations are exploiting the less developed nations.
Select the correct answer from the codes given below.
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of (A)
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not correct explanation of (A)
(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false
(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true

24. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and other as Reason (R).
Assertion (A):Green revolution in Punjab has resulted in many ecological problems.
Reason (R): Ill effects of green revolution are due to overuse of land, water, pesticides and fertilizers.
Select the correct answer from the codes given below.
(A) Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is correct explanation of (A)
(B) Both (A) and (R) are correct but (R) is not correct explanation of (A)
(C) (A) is true, but (R) is false
(D) (A) is false, but (R) is true

25. In which of the following decades, total increase in urban population was more than the total increase in rural population in India?
(A) 1971-1981
(B) 2001-2011
(C) 1991-2001
(D) 1981-1991

26. Which article of the constitution of India defines scheduled areas?
(A) Clause (1) of Article 244
(B) Clause (2) of Article 244
(C) Clause (3) of Article 244
(D) Clause (4) of Article 244

27. Which theoretical perspective argues that social stratification is a device by which society ensures that the most important positions are filled by the most qualified persons?
(A) Functionalist
(B) Conflict
(C) Interactionist
(D) Phenomenologist

28. In his functional analysis who has given the postulate of the functional unity of social systems?
(A) Robert Merton
(B) Emile Durkheim
(C) Radcliffe Brown
(D) Talcott Parsons

29. According to whom every social system has four functional problems?
(A) Durkheim
(B) R. Merton
(C) Malinowski
(D) Parsons

30. According to Radcliffe-Brown closely connected with the concept of social structure is the conception of:
(A) Social personality
(B) Interaction
(C) Status
(D) Socialization

31. Who followed Durkheimian tradition but substituted Durkheim’s term ‘need’ by ‘necessary condition of existence’?
(A) Malinowski
(B) T. Parsons
(C) Radcliffe-Brown
(D) Nadel

32. “While social structure refers to arrangements of persons, or organization refers to the arrangement of activities.” Who said it?
(A) Radcliffe-Brown
(B) Levi-Strauss
(C) Malinowski
(D) T. Parsons

33. Conflict theory arose primarily as a reaction to:
(A) Existentialism
(B) Interactionism
(C) Structural-Functionalism
(D) Formalism

34. Unintended and unrecognised functions are called:
(A) Manifest
(B) Latent
(C) Rational
(D) Logical

35. What is central to Weber’s discussion of social action?
(A) Subject matter
(B) Knowledge
(C) Interaction
(D) Interpretative understanding

36. Conflict theory is sometimes discussed as synonymous to which of the following theory?
(A) Marxism
(B) Socialism
(C) Critical theory
(D) Capitalism

37. Levi-Strauss has stated three exchanges. Which are they?
(I) Exchange of women
(II) Exchange of words
(III) Exchange of commodities
(IV) Exchange of gift
Select the correct answer from the codes given below:
(A) I, II and III
(B) I, II and IV
(C) II, III and IV
(D) I, III and IV

38. Marx has stated the following stages:
(I) Feudal
(II) Slavery
(III) Capitalistic
(IV) Primitive
Arrange the stages sequentially as they appeared in Marx’s theory. Use the codes given below:
(A) I, II, III, IV
(B) II, III, IV, I
(C) II, III, I, IV
(D) IV, II, I, III

39. Merton is of the opinion that:
(A) Social institution and arrangement are indispensable to society.
(B) All standardized social or cultural forms have positive functions.
(C) Any part of the social system is functional for entire system.
(D) The postulates in functionalism are little more than articles of faith.

40. Which is the appropriate example of Merton’s concept of ‘functional’ equivalents?
(A) A political ideology such as communism can provide a functional alternative to religion.
(B) In democratic state Jat Panchayat can provide a functional alternative to Judicial system.
(C) Test tube baby can provide a functional alternative to family.
(D) Family can provide a functional alternative to Education system.

41. Culture is not:
(A) Learned
(B) Acquired
(C) Shared
(D) Innate

42. Which one of the following is supported by Ferdinand Tonnies?
(A) Conflict School
(B) Synthetic School
(C) Formalistic School
(D) Existentialism

43. Who among the following distinguishes between mechanical and organic solidarity?
(A) Ferdinand Tonnies
(B) Robert Redfield
(C) Emile Durkheim
(D) William F. Ogburn

44. When a person is required to marry his deceased wife’s younger sister, the system is known as:
(A) Kin marriage
(B) Junior Levirate
(C) Junior Sororate
(D) Polygyny

45. Ethnography focuses on:
(A) Objective analysis
(B) Subjective viewpoint
(C) Neutrality
(D) Structured Interview

46. Social values can be most effectively promoted with the help of:
(A) Associations
(B) Pressure groups
(C) Superiors
(D) Socialization

47. Role of researcher according to poststructuralists is:
(A) Authoritative
(B) Ideal
(C) Equal and Participatory
(D) Equal and Prescriptive

48. When a survey is spread over a vast area and the respondents are educated, what kind of method of enquiry you choose?
(A) Personal enquiry method
(B) Correspondence, i.e., mailed questionnaire method
(C) Direct observation method
(D) Focus interview method

49. What kind of central tendency measure is applied to nominal scale data?
(A) Mean
(B) Mode
(C) Median
(D) Harmonic mean

50. Identify the pair of values for range and arithmetic mean for the scores 4, 5, 6, 7, 8:
(A) 3 and 6
(B) 2 and 5
(C) 4 and 6
(D) 1 and 5