UPSC Geography Questions and Answers

UPSC Geography Questions paper pdf for examination is given below. Union Public Service Commission geography question papers direct download links are given in this section. Hence, download the UPSC Geography Previous Paper pdf below.

UPSC Geography Questions and Answers

Union Public Service Commission Geography Previous Papers Pdf help the applicants in their preparation. UPSC Geography previous papers are available here to download. This is the good news for the candidates who are preparing for Union Public Service Commission.

Aspirants can download Union Public Service Commission Model Papers on Geography pdf through online mode. Applicants who are preparing for Union Public Service Commission written exam can download UPSC Geography Sample questions from our website for free.

Questions and Answers on Geography for UPSC

1. Concept of uniformitarianism stated by James Hutton Was further enhanced by :
(A) Louis Agassiz
(B) Charles Lyell
(C) John Playfaire
(D) Karl Gilbert

2. Which of the following is an example of residual mountain?
(A) Greater Himalaya
(B) Aravali
(C) Siwalik
(D) Balaghat range

3. Geosynclinal hypothesis was put as an explanation for ……………….. ..
(A) Orogeny
(B) Distribution of continents and oceans
(C) Crustal deformation
(D) Magma Chambers

4. Which one of the following is essential for Karstic landscape development ‘?
(A) Alluvial fans
(B) Glacial outwash
(C) Limestone bedrock
(D) Loess

5. Convectional Current Theory Was put forth by :
(A) Du Toit
(B) Lyell
(C) Wegner
(D) Holmes

6. ___________ is responsible for Green-house effect.
(A) Water vapour
(B) Dust particle
(C) Suspended material
(D) Argon

7. Who introduced the idea of ‘precipitation-evaporation ratio’ in climatic classification ?
(A) Koeppen
(B) Thornthwait
(C) Critchfield
(D) Strahler

8. Assertion (A) : “Loose, sandy soil surface heats up rapidly by day.”
Reason (R) : Air is an extremely poor conductor of heat.
Select the correct answer from the codes given below.
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is correct explanation of (A)
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
(C) (A) is true and (R) is false
(D) (A) is false but (R) is true

9. Which one of the following is not the distinctive feature of the stratosphere ?
(A) Its high moisture content
(B) Its stability compared to troposphere
(C) Its dryness
(D) Its high concentration of ozone

10. The ………………… .. pressure is dynamically induced belt.
(A) Equatorial low
(B) Sub-tropical high
(C) Polar high
(D) Tropical low

11. Theory of coral formation is put forth by …………….. .. .
(A) Charles Darwin
(B) W. M. Davis
(C) C.A.M. King
(D) John Pethick

12. Aleutian arc extends from :
(A) Gulf of Alaska to Kamchatka Peninsula
(B) Alaska to Siberia
(C) Canada to Japan
(D) Alaska to Japan

13. Vertical circulation of ocean Water is mainly controlled by …………… ..
(A) Volume of ocean Water
(B) Temperature of ocean surface water
(C) Ocean surface currents
(D) Atmospheric pressure at ocean surface

14. ___________ of the following is the most important element of the ecosystem.
(A) Food chain
(B) Food web
(C) Energy flow
(D) Ecological succession

15. In …………….. .. period domestication of animals was started.
(A) Paleolithic
(B) Pre-paleolithic
(C) Mesolithic
(D) Neolithic

16. What does “terrae-incognitae” refers to ?
(A) Territory in the human minds
(B) Unknown territories
(C) Unorganised territories
(D) Imaginary spaces

17. Who has firstly divided the World landmass into three continents i.e. Europe, Asia and Libya ?
(A) Erotosthenes
(B) Hipparchus
(C) Aneximendar
(D) Herodotus

18. Geography is concerned to provide accurate, orderly and rational description and interpretation of the variable character of the earth surface. This definition Was given by ____
(A) Yeates
(B) Taaffe
(C) Hartshorne
(D) Taylor

19. The concept of “Equator is a Great Circle” Was put forth by :
(A) Erotosthenes
(B) Hipparchus
(C) Ptolemy
(D) Pluto

20. Who has advocated that the Geography is an ideographic rather than Nomothetic ?
(A) Carl Ritter
(B) Hettner
(C) Peshel
(D) Penk


21. In the urban context, “Twilight area” is referred to …………….. .. part of the city.
(A) Core
(B) Suburb
(C) Fringe
(D) City-Region

22. Which of the following is an unlikely impact on the areas of origin of migrants ?
(A) Depopulation
(B) Age-sex imbalance
(C) Increase of pressure on the environment
(D) Decrease in traditional activities

23. Laterite as a building material is used in villages of …………….. ..
(A) Punjab
(B) East Maharashtra
(C) Rajasthan
(D) Coastal Kerala

24. At an average, if the crude birth rate is 35-40/ 1000 and the crude death rate is 20-25/ 1000 Which is declining, then the country is …………….. .. stage of demographic transition.
(A) I
(B) II (a)
(C) II (b)

25. The majority of the World’s population that is practicing agriculture is involved in …………… .. type of agriculture.
(A) Pastoral nomadism
(B) Subsistence farming
(C) Commercial grain farming
(D) Plantation agriculture

26. Which of the following is not a type of shifting cultivation ?
(A) Maquiladorus
(B) Milpa
(C) Chitemene
(D) Ladang

27. Assertion (A) : The labour is not infinitely mobile and the labour market does not operate freely under condition of perfect competition.
Reason (R) : Long distance labour cost and distance of labour movement have to be examined in the context of migration as a whole.
Which one of the following is correct ?
(A) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)
(B) Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)
(C) (A) is true but (R) is false
(D) (A) is false but (R) is true

28. Who has coined the term conservation of resources ?
(A) Gifford Pinchot
(B) Harold Rose
(C) P. Hagget
(D) Zirnmermann

29. Who is known as the pioneer for development of new geographical economics ?
(A) David Harvey
(B) De Blij
(C) Paul Krugman
(D) Andrew Cumbers

30. Who is the author of The World is Flat ?
(A) Appadurai
(B) Johnston
(C) Kuhn
(D) Friedman

31. ‘Exclave’ types are identified on the basis of which of the following ?
(A) Degree of separation
(B) Degree of political control
(C) Degree of economic control
(D) Degree of racial segregation

32. Which of the following provides philosophical underpinning to ethnomethodology ?
(A) Positivism
(B) Modernism
(C) Phenomenology
(D) Empiricism

33. ‘Sequent occupance’ suggested by Whittlesey is analogous to What ?
(A) Plant succession
(B) Animal succession
(C) Soil succession
(D) Climate succession

34. Who conceptuahsed ethnocracy?
(A) O. Yiftachel
(B) S. Kedar
(C) A. Ghanem
(D) J. R. Logan

35. _________ level of planning among the following.
(A) Local level planning
(B) Block level planning
(C) Five years planning
(D) Zonal level planning

36. Which one of the following is India’s rank in terms of Human Development Index among the countries of the World in?
(A) 130
(B) 128
(C) 127
(D) 129

37. In demographic planning, Which indicator Would not be the major concern ?
(A) Maternal Mortality
(B) Life Expectancy
(C) Infant Mortality
(D) Gender Disparity

38. In 1972, based on hierarchy of planning, Prof. Chandrashekhar divided India into …………… .. Macro and ……………. ..
(A) 13, 35
(B) 35, 13
(C) 15, 30
(D) 30, 15

39. Which of the following are prominent stations of Konkan railway route ?
(A) Ratnagiri and Madgaon
(B) Mangalore and Mumbai
(C) Chiplun to Thiruvananthapuram
(D) Mumbai to Udupi

40. India has often both floods and droughts because :
(A) The size of the country is very large
(B) The relief of India is highly uneven
(C) Monsoon causes heavy rainfall in a few months
(D) Behaviour of monsoon is highly variable

41. Which of the following is the easternmost major Himalayan tributary of Ganga river system?
(A) Tista
(B) Kosi
(C) Mahananda
(D) Ghaghara

42. Which bandwidth can be most useful for imaging from satellite in cloudy conditions ?
(A) 0.4 — 0.5 pm
(B) 0.4 — 0.7 pm
(C) 1.3 — 3.0 pm
(D) 1 mm — 1 In

43. Map generalization is mainly controlled by :
(A) Number of features to be represented
(B) Map scale
(C) Area to be mapped
(D) Projection of the map